Home The Project Dr. Vijaypat Singhania The Record History of Ballooning Contact Us
Man’s quest for adventure and soaring in the sky has never been inhibited by any material limitations. Man has always explored the realms of possibility even in impossible situations. While the true history of ballooning cannot be traced accurately due to the paucity of documented evidence it is, however, believed that thousands of years ago humans attempted to soar with limited success. What is well recorded though is the flight of the hot air balloon, constructed by the Montgolfier brothers in their paper factory. Their flight in Paris in November 1783, and subsequent flights in France by other pioneers would certainly be recorded as the first balloon flights. In the same period Professor Jacques Charles demonstrated a different design and used hydrogen instead of hot air in his balloons. The material for making the balloons ranged from paper to light fabric or silk. Most designers used open baskets, which were called gondolas.

Over the years these improved aerostats were to be used for military operations due to their advantage of viewing enemy positions from vantage heights. This also led to improvements in design and structure. The advantages of hydrogen or helium were extensively exploited but the easy resources of using hot air were never dispensed with. Hot air balloons that also use an envelope of helium or hydrogen are called Roziers.

Today the history of ballooning is so well documented and published that one only needs to browse any search engine on the internet and the flood gates open up.

Technical details of hot air balloon

Prof. Jacques Charles demonstration
Hot air Balloon